On 8 November 1942, the Allies launched Operation TORCH: a series of amphibious and parachute assaults along the North African coastline designed to sieze important strategic locations from Vichy French forces and prevent them falling into Axis hands. That same morning, a lone reconnaissance aircraft of 1PRU left Gibraltar on sortie G/0229 to take aerial photographs of the ports of Barcelona and Toulon, to assess the reaction of French and Spanish naval forces. This feature highlights the main locations covered.
Vichy France - Toulon Naval Base
Spain - Barcelona
|On both the outward and return legs of its mission, the photo-reconnaissance aircraft passed over the docks of Barcelona. No warships are visible in this image, although one seaplane can be seen at its moorings in the southernmost basin.|
Vichy French forces resisted the Allied landings at Casablanca, Oran and Algiers and fighting went on into the following day before a surrender was negotiated. Many French troops then chose to join the Allies. When Hitler subsequently ordered the occupation of Vichy France and the seizure of the naval vessels at Toulon, the warships were scuppered by their crews on 27 November.
The success of Operation TORCH meant that Axis forces in Tunisia and Libya were faced with fighting the Allies on two fronts, with General Montgomery's 8th Army to the east. Within 6 months, the Allies had driven German and Italian forces out of North Africa.